Although the city of Grosseto does not have a lot to offer in terms of nature and culture (the focus of our suggestions on this site), the historic town centre always has some surprises in store...

The first traces of the city date back to 820 A.D., but the city was officially founded in 1138 when the bishop's seat was moved from the hill of now abandoned Roselle (Read the feature articles on the Etruscan and Roman Roselle digs), to the Maremma plain where the new town was built. Its name stems for the name "Rosellae", which grew and developed in the plain and became Grosseto. The word may originally have meant "large rose garden".

What to see in the historical centre

1: The archaeological and art museum of Maremma. This and the Vetulonia museums are the most important collections of the Etruscan and Roman archaeological finds in southern Tuscany. It houses all the objects found in the digs of Roselle Antica.
Historical centre, Piazza A. Baccarini 3, open all year round except 25th December, 1st January and 1st May.
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2: The Medici fortress with the Sienese gate. It tells the story of the Sienese era with the old eastern gate of the city and the Renaissance period of the Medici of Florence. The imposing fortress stands on the fortified bastion and is the venue for exhibitions, concerts and open-air cinema in the summer.

3: The walk on the hexagonal perimeter of the walls offers a view from all sides of the city and of the Maremma plain. From this point of view, Grosseto is one of the few cities completely surrounded by fully intact walls. The 5 defensive ramparts each preserve a fragment of the city's history. To learn more about the history of the walls of Grosseto, we recommend "La città murata" by A.Mazzolai.

4: The buildings designed by Lorenzo Porciatti are an example of late eighteenth-century Tuscan neo-Gothic architecture. His masterpieces are Palazzo Aldobrandeschi in Piazza Dante and the town hall; the Pastorelli villa just outside the new gate in Via IV Novembre; the interesting Vivarelli mausoleum in Talamone, outside the city, in Art Nouveau style.

5: The natural sciences museum is recommended for anyone who wants to learn more about the fauna, flora and natural habitats of Maremma. Ideally, you should visit the museum as well as the Diaccia Botrona marshes and the Maremma Regional Park where you can encounter the wildlife species displayed in the museum.

6: The Clarisse Museum, Luzzetti Foundation. A unique opportunity to see the round of Botticelli, a never seen before masterpiece. And other 67 artworks that embrace a period from 1300 to the nineteenth century and are signed by prestigious artists such as Antonio Rossellino, Jean de Boulogne called Giambologna, Rutilio Manetti, Domenico Cresti called Passignano, Corrado Giaquinto, Camillo Rusconi, Pier Dandini and Giovanni Di Tano Fei. The museum is constantly growing, you will always find new additions to a collection that is becoming quite relevant in Tuscany.

Photos of the city of Grosseto are by Giuliano D'Angelo

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